In 2015 , the opioid epidemic cost the US more than 500 billion dollars.
The Council of Economic Advisers. The Underestimated Cost of the Opioid Crisis. Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President; 2017.https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/whitehouse.gov/files/images/The%20Underestimated%20Cost%20of%20the%20Opioid%20Crisis.pdf
There were 1.68 million potential years of life lost to opioids in the United States in 2016.
Source: Gomes T, Tadrous M, Mamdani MM, Paterson JM, Juurlink DN. The Burden of Opioid-Related Mortality in the United States. JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180217. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0217
103,000 adolescents had an opioid use disorder in 2017.
Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2018). Key substance use and mental health indicators in the United States: Results from the 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (HHS Publication No. SMA 18-5068, NSDUH Series H-53). Rockville, MD: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
Taking opioids after wisdom teeth removal increases the odds of long term use.
Source: Harbaugh CM, Nalliah RP, Hu HM, Englesbe MJ, Waljee JF, Brummett CM. Persistent Opioid Use After Wisdom Tooth Extraction. JAMA. 2018;320(5):504–506. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9023
The opioid mortality rate increased as the U.S. life expectancy rate decreased.
Source: Xu JQ, Murphy SL, Kochanek KD, Bastian B,Arias E. Deaths: Final data for 2016. National Vital Statistics Reports; vol 67 no 5. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2018.
In 2016, enough painkillers were prescribed to medicate every American adult 30 mg of hydrocodone every day for almost a month.
Source: Guy GP Jr., Zhang K, Bohm MK, et al. Vital Signs: Changes in Opioid Prescribing in the United States, 2006–2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017;66:697–704. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6626a4
Individuals who are prescribed opioids prior to graduating high school are 33% more likely to misuse prescription opioids after graduating.
Source: Prescription Opioids in Adolescence and Future Opioid Misuse Richard Miech, Lloyd Johnston, Patrick M. O’Malley, Katherine M. Keyes, Kennon Heard Pediatrics Nov 2015, 136 (5) e1169-e1177; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2015-1364
Adolescent athletes in some high-injury sports are at a 50% higher risk of misusing prescription painkillers than their peers who don't participate in these sports.
Source: Veliz PT, Boyd C, McCabe SE. Playing through pain: sports participation and nonmedical use of opioid medications among adolescents. Am J Public Health. 2013;103(5):e28–e30. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2013.301242
Every 11 minutes someone in America dies from an opioid overdose.
Source: Hedegaard H, Miniño AM, Warner M. Drug overdose deaths in the United States, 1999–2017. NCHS Data Brief, no 329. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2018.
In 2012, every 25 minutes, a baby was born suffering from opioid withdrawal.
Source: Patrick SW, Davis MM, Lehmann CU, Cooper WO. Increasing incidence and geographic distribution of neonatal abstinence syndrome: United States 2009 to 2012 [published correction appears in J Perinatol. 2015 Aug;35(8):667. Lehman, C U [corrected to Lehmann, C U]]. J Perinatol. 2015;35(8):650–655. doi:10.1038/jp.2015.36
As the death rate of major killers like cancer and heart disease decline, opioid death rates continue to rise.
Source: National Center for Health Statistics. Health, United States, 2014: With Special Feature on Adults Aged 55-64. Hyattsville, MD. 2015. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus14.pdf. Accessed June 2018.
80% of heroin users started with a prescription painkiller.
Source: Jones CM. Heroin use and heroin use risk behaviors among nonmedical users of prescription opioid pain relievers – United States, 2002-2004 and 2008-2010. Drug Alcohol Depend (2013) 132:95–100