Non-addictive painkillers, like ibuprofen and acetaminophen, can be just as effective as prescription opioids at reducing certain types of pain.
Chang AK, Bijur PE, Esses D, Barnaby DP, Baer J. Effect of a Single Dose of Oral Opioid and Nonopioid Analgesics on Acute Extremity Pain in the Emergency DepartmentA Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA.2017;318(17):1661–1667. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.16190https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29114833
Smokers are more likely to be opioid abusers than non-smokers.
Source: Zale EL, Dorfman ML, Hooten WM, Warner DO, Zvolensky MJ, Ditre JW. Tobacco Smoking, Nicotine Dependence, and Patterns of Prescription Opioid Misuse: Results From a Nationally Representative Sample. Nicotine Tob Res. 2014;17(9):1096-103.
As the death rate of major killers like cancer and heart disease decline, opioid death rates continue to rise.
Source: National Center for Health Statistics. Health, United States, 2014: With Special Feature on Adults Aged 55-64. Hyattsville, MD. 2015. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus14.pdf. Accessed June 2018.
Individuals who are prescribed opioids prior to graduating high school are 33% more likely to misuse prescription opioids after graduating.
Source: Prescription Opioids in Adolescence and Future Opioid Misuse Richard Miech, Lloyd Johnston, Patrick M. O’Malley, Katherine M. Keyes, Kennon Heard Pediatrics Nov 2015, 136 (5) e1169-e1177; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2015-1364
In 2016, 1 in 5 deaths among young adults were opioid related.
Source: Gomes T, Tadrous M, Mamdani MM, Paterson J, Juurlink DN. The burden of opioid-related mortality in the united states. JAMA Network Open. 2018;1(2):e180217.
Taking opioids after wisdom teeth removal increases the odds of long term use.
Source: Harbaugh CM, Nalliah RP, Hu HM, Englesbe MJ, Waljee JF, Brummett CM. Persistent Opioid Use After Wisdom Tooth Extraction. JAMA. 2018;320(5):504–506. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9023
More than 17,000 people died from prescription opioid overdoses in 2017.
Source: Scholl L, Seth P, Kariisa M, Wilson N, Baldwin G. Drug and Opioid-Involved Overdose Deaths — United States, 2013–2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019;67:1419–1427. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm675152e1
In 2013, the United States, which continued to be the principal consumer country of oxycodone, accounted for 78 percent of the world total.
Source: United Nations: International Narcotics Control Board. Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2014. Accessed June 2018.
In 2011, more than 420,000 emergency department visits were related to the misuse or abuse of narcotic pain relievers.
Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2011: National Estimates of Drug-Related Emergency Department Visits. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration; 2013.
In 2017, two out of three drug overdose deaths involved some type of opioid.
Source: Scholl L, Seth P, Kariisa M, Wilson N, Baldwin G. Drug and Opioid-Involved Overdose Deaths — United States, 2013–2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019;67:1419–1427. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm675152e1.
In 2017, 47,600 people died of opioid overdoses in America.
Source: Hedegaard H, Miniño AM, Warner M. Drug overdose deaths in the United States, 1999–2017. NCHS Data Brief, no 329. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2018.
Every day in 2017, an estimated 1,300 young adults misused an opioid prescription for the first time.
Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2018). Key substance use and mental health indicators in the United States: Results from the 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (HHS Publication No. SMA 18-5068, NSDUH Series H-53). Rockville, MD: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
80% of heroin users started with a prescription painkiller.
Source: Jones CM. Heroin use and heroin use risk behaviors among nonmedical users of prescription opioid pain relievers – United States, 2002-2004 and 2008-2010. Drug Alcohol Depend (2013) 132:95–100